2004 IG Recipients

The History and Sociology of the Protestant Missions Movement from the Global South
 
Paul Freston
Project Director
Byker Chair in Christian Perspectives on Political, Social, and Economic Thought
Calvin College
 
Young-Gi Hong
Professor, Hansei University
President, Institute for Church Growth (Seoul, Korea)
 
Kim-Kwong Chan
Professor, University of Hong Kong
Executive Secretary, Hong Kong Christian Council
 
Dario Lopez
President & Professor
Centro Evangelico de Misiologia Andino-Amazonica (Lima, Peru)
 
Sushil Aaron
Researcher
Centre de Sciences Humaines (New Delhi, India)
 
Project Abstract: 'The History and Sociology of the Protestant Missions Movement from the Global South' will develop knowledge of the process by which Protestant transnational proselytism has ceased to be the near-preserve of Western agencies and has been 'browned' by missionaries from Asia, Africa, and Latin America.  The shift in the center of Christian gravity has been brought increasingly to academic, media and popular attention, but 'southern' roles in expanding the faith transnationally have been little examined.

Also, while the complexity of global religious 'flows' is recognized, this is usually not related to 'southern' Christian missions.  Thus, the project fills a gap in empirical research and theoretical reflection found in scholarship both on global Christianity and on global religious flows.
 
The project director has addressed this through theoretical reflection and empirical research into the exporting of Brazilian evangelicalism.   But little has been done from a sociological perspective on other 'southern' cases.  The project will use the director's work on Brazilian missionaries to stimulate similar studies on the missions movement (understood as transnational [outside national borders] and trans-ethnic [not just servicing the respective diaspora]) from other areas of the global south.  This will be related to questions of: the future of religion under globalization; models of religion and modernity; the reality of Christianity as a 'globalization from below'; debates on proselytism and human rights globally; the 'Davie hypothesis' regarding the religious future of Europe (that non-European efforts to re-Christianize it will have little success); the 'Jenkins hypothesis' regarding supposedly conservative attitudes of 'southern' evangelicals; and implications for mission in 'resistant' areas such as the Muslim world.

The project thus unites theoretical concerns with methodological discussion and empirical research.  Case studies will include missions originating from 'homelands' and from their respective diasporas, as well as 'full time' and 'tent making' missionaries.
 
The team will first hold a workshop to discuss texts on: global Christianity; classical missions from the West; globalization and religion; models of religion and modernity; and the project director's own work on evangelicalism and globalization, and Brazilian missions.  Then the intended research on Protestant missions from the 'south' will be addressed directly (state of current knowledge; methodological questions; issues to be examined).  Team members (from Korea, the Chinese world, India, West Africa and Spanish-speaking Latin America) will then carry out research and produce lengthy chapters (to be discussed at a subsequent team meeting) for an eventual collaborative volume and other forms of dissemination.
 
Science, Faith, and Human Nature: Reconciling Neuroscience and Christian Theology
 
Brad Strawn
Project Director
Associate Professor
Point Loma Nazarene University
 
William Struthers
Department of Psychology
Wheaton College
 
Tom Fikes
Department of Psychology
Westmont College
 
Stephanie Smith
School of Intercultural Studies
Fuller Theological Seminary
 
Thomas Jay Oord
Department of Religion and Philosophy
Northwest Nazarene University
 
Kevin Corcoran
Department of Philosophy
Calvin College
 
Paul Moes
Department of Psychology
Calvin College
 
Rebecca Filetstra
Department of Biology and Chemistry
Point Loma Nazarene University
Lecturer: Warren Brown
School of Psychology
Fuller Theological Seminary
 
Project Abstract: Cognitive neuroscience has raised important questions regarding the traditional Hebrew/Christian understanding of persons as bodies inhabited by immortal, non-material souls, i.e.dualism.  Research has increasingly shown that capacities once thought to be in the realm of the soul have neurophysiological correlates.  Physicalism (monism) offers an alternative.  However, this view has typically been associated with forms of reductionism that are repugnant to a religious/theological view of the person.  Non-reductive physicalism provides a view of human nature that can be reconciled with a theological perspective.  From this point of view, humans (as physical beings) are souls- they do not have souls.  However, any attempt to bring together dimensions of human persons traditionally termed body, mind and soul into a single entity must be concerned about preservation of critical properties and attributes of human nature, and potentials for human experience, which have been presumed in Christian tradition and theology to be aspects of a soul.
 
A gathering of CCCU scholars is proposed to consider the issues and implication of nonreductive physicalism from the perspectives of biology, psychology, philosophy, and theology.  The focal event of this gathering will be the 2005 Fuller Integration Lectures to be given by Warren S. Brown.  These three lectures will explore the problems raised by neuroscience with respect to dualism, recent evidence for nonreductive properties of the nervous system (i.e., emergence and top-down causation), and suggestions for the alternative formulations of theological anthropology that are consistent with nonreductive physicalism.
 
Warren S. Brown is professor of psychology at the Graduate School of Psychology at Fuller Theological Seminary, where he is Director of the Lee Travis Research Institute.  He is actively involved in experimental neuropsychological research, particularly related to functions of the corpus callosum in relationship to human higher cognitive processes.  He has authored or coauthored over 70 scholarly articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals; 15 chapters in edited scholarly books; and over 120 presentations in scientific meetings.  Brown has also written and lectured widely on the implications of neuroscience for a Christian view of human nature.  He served as principal editor of Whatever Happened to the Soul: Scientific and Theological Portraits of Human Nature (with Nancey Murphy and Newton Malony; Fortress Press, 1998) and Understanding Wisdom: Sources, Science, and Society (Templeton Press, 2001).  Brown and philosopher Nancey Murphy are currently working on a book entitled, Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility.
 
Theology and Management
 
Kenman Wong
Project Director
Joseph C. Hope Professor of Leadership and Ethics
Seattle Pacific University
 
Richard Martinez
Assistant Professor of Management, Hankamer School of Business
Baylor University
 
Bruno Dyck
Professor of Management, I. H. Asper School of Business
University of Manitoba
Denise Daniels
Associate Professor of Management
Seattle Pacific University
 
Randal Franz
Associate Professor of Management
Seattle Pacific University
 
Blaine McCormick
Assistant Professor of Management, Hankamer School of Business
Baylor University
 
Mitchell Neubert
H.R. Gibson Chair of Management Development
Assistant Professor of Management, Hankamer School of Business
Baylor University
 
Tim Dearborn
Associate Director, Christian Impact
World Vision International
Former Associate Professor of Theology & Dean of the Chapel
Seattle Pacific University
 
Jeff Van Duzer
Dean, School of Business Law and Ethics
Seattle Pacific University
 
Project Abstract: At present, academicians in the field of management (and its sub-disciplines) are highly interested in a number of themes that should be natural topics of Christian scholarly concern.  For example, recent theme issues of respected journals and/or sessions at the yearly Academy of Management conference (average attendance 6,000) have focused on spirituality/vocational significance, trust, forgiveness, servant leadership, and managerial/corporate purpose, to name a few.  Yet, a distinctively Christian voice on these topics is barely audible in these settings.  So far, these discussions have been framed largely by secular and, in some cases, eastern religious assumptions.  Christian scholars attempting to address these issues from within a Christian worldview are apt to find a huge gap in the literature.  Past attempts at "integration," with few notable exceptions, have been relegated to the domain of applied ethics, leaving worldview or paradigmatic level issues as "givens" that go largely unquestioned.  Furthermore, past endeavors have rarely reached secular audiences.  Prevailing assumptions and current directions in the management literature tend to reduce human beings to physical/material objects with instrumental value, rest on the radical individualism and/or economic reductionism, promote efficiency as the sole goal of managerial work, and places "self" at the center of vocational purpose and meaning.  Our project will bring Christian theology to bear on these types of assumptions and values, and the theories built upon them.  In addition to engaging in evaluation, and critique, we will develop alternative theories and models of management.  This grant would help bring together a working group of scholars (with a broad spectrum of academic training) who have begun, largely independenlty of one another, to successfully bring a Christian perspective into the mainstream of the management academy.  We will meet together during three successive summer working sessions to deepen our knowledge of theology and Christian scholarship, produce papers of high academic quality, and disseminate our work to the mainstream academy.  Our hope is to nurture the development of a sustainable network/community of scholars who can work together to inform management theory, research, and teaching with Christian values and ideas.  A major goal of our work is to make a significant contribution to a repository of developed ideas that can be used by scholars engaged in similar research efforts in the future.